Funded: Charters

A Detailed Look at Each State's Charter School Funding Policies

Below, see summaries of the state’s education funding policy in each issue area. Click the Expand icon next to any summary to see more detail, if available, about that state’s policy regarding that issue area. Click the Citation icon
next to any summary to see the sources of the information regarding that issue area.
Hawaii
Funding Basics
Authorizer

Charter funding policies and reporting practices within each state may vary depending on the entity that authorized the charter school. Charter schools in Hawaii may be authorized by State Public Charter Commission, and other entities approved by the board, including institutions of higher education, county or state agencies, and nonprofit organizations.

References:
“Charter Schools: What organizations may authorize charter schools, and is there a statewide authorizing body?” Education Commission of the States, 50-State Comparison, January 2018.
Funding Formula

Funding for charter schools in Hawaii is calculated based on a formula similar to the one used to calculate funding for traditional public schools.

Like traditional public schools, charter schools are funded through a student-based formula that considers the characteristics of students they educate. Charter schools in Hawaii may choose to receive funding through the student-based funding formula that the state uses for traditional public schools, which provides increased funding for students in certain grade levels, English-language learners, students from low-income households, and gifted and talented students. Alternatively, charter schools may propose to the State Board of Education to receive funding through an alternate student-based funding formula.

However, charter schools will not receive funding for special education, which is provided for charter students through the state’s traditional public school system.

References:
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302D-28 (Lexis 2019)
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302D-29 (Lexis 2019)
Funding Distribution
Funding Distribution

Charter schools in Hawaii receive all funding directly from the state.

Charter schools are funded directly through legislative appropriation.

References:
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. 302D-28 (Lexis 2019).
Withholdings

Charter schools in Hawaii will have a share of their funding withheld, with the maximum set by state law.

Entities that authorized charter schools may retain up to 10% of charter schools’ funding as a contingency balance to ensure fiscal accountability and compliance.

References:
Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 302D-28 (Lexis 2019)
Local Taxes

Hawaii is one, statewide school district and does not raise any local tax revenue.

References:
Reinventing Education Act of 2004, Sen. SB 3238, 22nd H.A. Legislature (2004).
Data and Reporting
Legal Status

Charter schools in Hawaii are part of local education agencies.

References:
pers. comm. Sheryl Turbeville, Hawaii State Public Charter School Commission, email, December 19, 2018
Student Count

Charter school students in Hawaii are counted as students of the charter they attend for state reporting purposes.

References:
pers. comm. Sheryl Turbeville, Hawaii State Public Charter School Commission, email, December 19, 2018.
Funding

State funding for charter schools in Hawaii is reported separately from state funding for any district.

References:
pers. comm. Sheryl Turbeville, Hawaii State Public Charter School Commission, email, December 19, 2018.
Expenditures

Charter school expenditures in Hawaii are reported separately from expenditures of any school district.

References:
pers. comm. Sheryl Turbeville, Hawaii State Public Charter School Commission, email, December 19, 2018.