Funded: Charters

A Detailed Look at Each State's Charter School Funding Policies

Below, see summaries of the state’s education funding policy in each issue area. Click the Expand icon next to any summary to see more detail, if available, about that state’s policy regarding that issue area. Click the Citation icon
next to any summary to see the sources of the information regarding that issue area.
Minnesota
Funding Basics
Authorizer

Charter funding policies and reporting practices within each state may vary depending on the entity that authorized the charter school. Charter schools in Minnesota may be authorized by local school districts and other entities, such as intermediate school districts, nonprofit organizations, and institutions of higher education.

References:
“Charter Schools: What organizations may authorize charter schools, and is there a statewide authorizing body?” Education Commission of the States, 50-State Comparison, January 2018. 
Funding Formula

Funding for charter schools in Minnesota is calculated based on a formula similar to the one used to calculate funding for traditional public schools.

Like traditional public schools, charter schools are funded through a student-based funding formula, adjusted for certain student characteristics, like grade level, English-language learners, and students from low-income households. For some types of funding, including funding for English-language learners and students from low-income households, the charter school’s level of funding is calculated separately for each charter, based on the characteristics of the charter students. For other types of funding, like for gifted and talented programs and for schools in sparsely populated areas, charter schools receive the per student state average for those types of funding.

In addition, charter schools receive state funding meant to compensate for property wealth disparities, in an amount that depends on the charter students’ district(s) of residence.

References:
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.24 (Lexis 2019)
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.20 (Lexis 2019)
pers. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 22, 2018.
Research Department, Minnesota House of Representatives, Minnesota School Finance, A Guide for Legislators, (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota House of Representatives, November 2018),
Funding Distribution
Funding Distribution

Charter schools in Minnesota receive all funding directly from the state.

Withholdings

State law in Minnesota does not specify that a share of charter funding is withheld.

References:
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.20 (Lexis 2019)
Minn. Stat. Ann. § 124E.24 (Lexis 2019)
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019.
Local Taxes

Charter schools in Minnesota do not receive a share of local tax revenue.

References:
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019.
Data and Reporting
Legal Status

Charter schools in Minnesota constitute their own local education agencies.

References:
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019.
Student Count

Charter school students in Minnesota are counted as students of the charter they attend for state reporting purposes

References:
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019
Funding

State funding for charter schools in Minnesota is reported separately from state funding for any district.

References:
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019.
Expenditures

Charter school expenditures in Minnesota are reported separately from expenditures of any school district.

References:
pers. comm. Tom Melcher, Minnesota Department of Education, email, January 11, 2019.